Timeline 4A – Hebrews in the Turbulent Era’s early phase

by John Holbrook Jr.
A Biblical View, posted August 28, 2017, September 14, 2017

 On June 19, 2017, I started a series of timelines that will outline the history of the world which I have constructed and which conforms to the chronology of the Bible. This series will be interspersed among blogs on other subjects and will follow the structure in the table below.

                                                          GENERIC TIMELINES
Timeline 0 – Creation Week (3977 BC)
Timeline 1 – Edenic Era (3977 BC)
Timeline 2 – Antediluvian Era (3977-2321 BC)
Timeline 3A – Postdiluvian Era’s early phase 3A (2321-1870 BC)
Timeline 3B – Postdiluvian Era’s late phase 3B (1870-1464 BC)
Timeline 4A – Turbulent Era’s early phase 4A (1464-1008 BC)
Timeline 4B – Turbulent Era’s middle phase 4B (1008-754 BC)
Timeline 4C – Turbulent Era’s late phase 4C (754-665 BC)
Timeline 5A – Early Historic Era (665-2 BC)’s part 5A (Occident)
Timeline 5B – Early Historic Era (665-2 BC)’s part 5B (Middle East)
Timeline 5C – Early Historic Era (665-2 BC)’s part 5C (Orient)
Timeline 6A – Late Historic Era (2BC-present)’s part 6A (Occident & Middle East)
Timeline 6B – Late Historic Era (2BC-present)’s part 6B (Orient)

—ERA 4 – THE TURBULENT WORLD (1464-665 BC)—
—Phase 4A – The Reign of Venus (1464-1008 BC)—
—Period 4A(1) – Ice Age 1 (1464-1413 BC)—

Moses led the Hebrews for 40 years (1464-1424 BC) – During these years occurred the following:

The Exodus

Amidst the destruction of his house and land that was caused by the Moses Disturbance (the approach and arrival of the comet Venus on a collision course with the earth), Pharaoh Concharis became enraged. He assembled his army and then pursued, caught up to, and cornered the Hebrews at Pi-Ha-Kiroth, a promontory near the southern tip of the Sinai peninsula which constitutes the western landfall of the Strait of Tiran, where they were hemmed in by natural barriers on three sides and pharaoh’s army on the fourth. There God prevented pharaoh from attacking the Hebrews with a Pillar of Cloud by day and a Pillar of Fire by night (probably using a tornado of combustible gases that served as a conduit for electrical discharges between the ground and the overhead clouds).

God then enabled the Hebrews to escape pharaoh’s trap by parting the waters of the Strait (probably using a gale force wind that drove the waters of the Gulf of Aqaba southward into the Red Sea). Moses led the Hebrews across the land bridge which lies not far below the surface of the strait’s water – thereby leaving Egypt and entering Midian. When Concharis tried to follow the Hebrews across the land bridge, God allowed the waters to return, and Concharis and his entire army were drowned.

The Wandering in the Wilderness of Midian

Once safely in Midian, Moses led the Hebrews east and then north through a gap in the mountains to Elim (an extensive oasis known for its sweet water) at which the Hebrews stopped.

From Elim, they continued north to Rephidim, just south of Mount Sinai (now Jabal al Lawz in western Saudi Arabia), where the Israelites encountered and did battle with the Hyksos=Amu=Amalekites as they flooded south out of Arabia.

After the battle, the two forces disengaged. The Amalakites continued south toward Egypt, which they would ultimately conquer and rule for over 400 years. The Hebrews continued north to the base of Mount Sinai, where Moses visited with God on the mountaintop and received the tablets on which God inscribed the Ten Commandments with his finger.

Moses then led the Hebrews during their 40 years (1464-1424 BC) of wandering in the Midian desert or wilderness.

Aaron died in 1424 after living 123 years (1547-1424 BC).

Moses died in 1424 after living 120 years (1544-1424 BC). He was succeeded by Joshua.

The Rule of Joshua

Joshua led the Hebrews for 25 years (1424-1399 BC)[1] – During these years occurred the following:

The Hebrews crossed the Jordan River into Canaan in 1424 BC.

Joshua led the Hebrews in the Conquest of Canaan during the next 6 years (1424-1418 BC).

Joshua apportioned the land of Canaan among the tribes in 1418 BC, when Calab was 85 years old

The Joshua Disturbance occurred in 1413 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus intersected. While the Hebrew army under Joshua and the Amorite armies under their kings were engaged in combat at Beth Horon, “the Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon [the Amorites]”[2] – clearly meteorites. Moreover, “the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies….So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hastened not to go down about a whole day. And there was no day like that before or after it”[3] – the axis of the earth probably shifted, causing the sun to stand still in the sky and thereby prolonging the day in the Middle East and the night in the Americas.

Period 4A(2) – Ice Age 2 (1413-1261 BC)—

In 1399 BC, Joshua died after living 110 years (1509-1399 BC).

Rule of the Elders & Israel’s Evil-doing

Rule of the Elders & Evil-doing lasted 9 years (1399-1390 BC) – After Joshua’s death, the Hebrews were governed by elders and indulged in evil-doing. Overlappping these 9 years was the reign of one pharaoh in Egypt: Apachinas (1401-13991390-1365 BC).

The Period of the Judges

During the next 360 years (1390-1030 BC), the Hebrews lived through alternating periods of oppression by their enemies and periods of administration by judges. The Period of the Judges can be broken down into 14 segments:

#01 – Othniel’s 40 Year of Rest lasted 40 years (1390-1350 BC) – Overlapping these 40 years were the reigns of two pharaohs in Egypt: Apachinas (1401–1390-1365 BC) and Apophis (1401-1350-1304 BC).

During the first 8 years (1390-1382 BC), the Hebrews were oppressed by the Mesopotamians under King Cushan-rish-a-thaim.

In 1382 BC, the Hebrews under Othniel, who was Caleb’s younger brother, defeated the Mesopotamians in battle, thereby putting an end to the Mesopotamian Oppression.

During the next 32 years (1382-1350 BC), the Hebrews were judged by Othniel.

The Othniel Threat occurred in 1363, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.

#02 – Ehud’s 80 Year of Rest lasted 80 years (1350-1270 BC) – Overlapping these 80 years were the reigns of two pharaohs in Egypt: Apophis (1401-1350-1304 BC) and Sethos (1304-1270-1254 BC).

During the first 18 years (1350-1332 BC), the Hebrews were oppressed by the Moabites under King Eglon.

In 1331 BC, the Hebrew Ehud visited Eglon in his chambers, slew him with a dagger, and then returned safely to his people. Then the Hebrews under Ehud defeated a 10,000 man army of the Moabites, thereby putting an end to the Moabite Oppression.

During the next 62 years (1332-1270 BC), the Hebrews were judged by Ehud.

The Ehud Threat occurred in 1312 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.

#03 – Deborah’s 40 Year of Rest lasted 40 years (1270-1230 BC) – Overlapping these 40 years were the reigns of two pharaohs of Egypt: Sethos (1304-1270-1254 BC), Certos (1254-1230-1225 BC).

During an unknown number of years (1270-? BC), the Hebrews were oppressed by the Philistines.

Then the Hebrew Shamgar slew 600 Phillistines with an ox-goad, thereby putting an end to the Phillistine Oppression.

The Hebrews may have been judged by Shamgar for a brief period of time.

During the next 20 years (?-? BC), the Hebrews were oppressed by the Canaanites under their King Jabin, the commander of whose army was Sisera.

The Hebrews were being judged by Deborah at the time, and she asked Barak why he had not attacked the Canaanites as the Lord had instructed. Barak answered by saying that he would attack them if Deborah went with him, but he would not attack them if she did not go with him. Deborah replied that she would go, but the result would be that Sisera would fall at the hands of a woman.

The Hebrew forces under Deborah and Barak marched to Mount Tabor near Kedesh, attacked and defeated the Canaanite forces under Sisera, and then pursued them as they fled to Harosheth, where the survivors fell on their swords.

Sisera abandoned his troops and fled to the tent of Jael, the wife of Heber the Kenite. As he slept, Jael took up a hammer and spike and drove the spike through Sisera’s temples and into the ground. So Sisera died at the hands of a woman.

In the time that followed, the Hebrews continued to war against the Canaanites under Jabin until they finally overcame them.

The Deborah Disturbance occurred in 1261 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus intersected. During a battle between the Hebrews under Barak and the Canaanites under Sisera, “…the stars in their courses fought against Sisera:”[4] “…the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water. The mountains melted…”[5] and the flooding “river of Kishon swept them away.” [6] After “the Lord discomfited Sisera,”[7] the remaining Canaanite forces were routed and slaughtered by the Hebrews and Sisera, who had fled from the battlefield, was slain by Jael, wife of Heber the Kenite, while he slept.

 — Period 4A(3) – Ice Age 3 (1261-1058 BC)—

#04 – Gideon’s 40 Years of Rest lasted 40 years (1230-1190 BC) – Overlapping these 40 years were the reigns of one pharaoh of Egypt, followed by a hiatus in leadership: Certos (1254-1230-1225 BC) and hiatus (1225-1190-1059 BC).

During the first 7 years (1230-1223 BC), the Hebrews were oppressed by the Midianites.

In 1232 BC, an Angel of the Lord appeared to Gideon in Ophrah, where he was threshing wheat. The angel said to Gideon, who regard himself as the least in his father’s house, “The Lord is with thee, thou mighty man of valor….Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee….Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man” (Judges 6:12, 14, 16).

During the next 33 years (1223-1190 BC), the Hebrews were judged by Gideon.

The Gideon Threat occurred in 1210 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.

Gideon had seventy sons by his many wives and one son Abimelech by a concubine in Sechem.

In 1190 BC, Gideon died.

#05 – Abimelech’s reign lasted 3 years (1190-1187 BC) – Overlapping these 3 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-11901187-1059 BC).

Following Gideon’s death, the Hebrews “went awhoring” after Baal. Then Abimelech went to Sechem and obtained the support of his mother’s people to kill all seventy of his half-brothers and put himself on the throne of Israel. Thus Abimelech became a king – an anomaly among the Hebrew leaders of this period.

In 1187 BC, Abimelech was killed while besieging the Tower of Thebez.

#06 – Tola’s judgeship lasted 23 years (1187-1164 BC) – Overlapping these 23 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-11871164-1059 BC).

In 1171 BC, Eli was born.

#07 – Jair’s judgeship lasted 2 years (1164-1142 BC) – Overlapping these 2 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-11641142-1059 BC).

The Jair Threat occurred in 1160 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.

 #08 – The 1st Phillistine/Ammonite Oppression lasted 18 years (1142-1124 BC) Over-lapping these 18 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-11641124-1059 BC).

#09 – Jephthah’s judgeship lasted 6 years (1124-1118 BC) – Overlapping these 6 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-1124-1118-1059 BC).

#10 – Ibzan’s judgeship lasted 7 years (1118-1111 BC) – Overlapping these 7 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-11181111-1059 BC).

In 1113 BC, Eli became the High Priest at age 58 years old.

#11 – Elon’s judgeship lasted 10 years (1111-1101 BC) – Overlapping these 10 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-11111101-1059 BC).

The Elon Threat occurred  in 1109 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.

#12 – Abdon’s judgeship lasted 8 years (1101-1093 BC) – Overlapping these 8 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-11011093-1059 BC).

#13 – Samson’s judgeship lasted 20 years (1093-1073 BC) – Overlapping these 20 years was a hiatus in leadership in Egypt: hiatus (1225-10931073-1059 BC).

During these 20 years, the Hebrews were oppressed by the Philistines and the Ammonites.

In 1073 BC, the High Priest Eli died when he was 98 years old, the Judge Samson died, and Samuel became both High Priest and Judge.

#14 – Samuel’s judgeship lasted 43 years (1073-1030 BC) – Overlapping these 43 years were the reigns of five pharaohs or queens of Egypts, preceded by a hiatus in leadership: hiatus (1225-1073-1059 BC), Apophis II (1059-1051 BC), Senakhtenre Ta’o I and Senakhtenre Ta’o II (1051-1047), Kamose (1047-1041 BC), and Ahmose (1041-1030-1016 BC).

During its first 20 years (1073-1053 BC), the Hebrews were oppressed by the Philistines and Ammonites.

In 1067 BC, Ishbosheth, was born.

The Samuel Disturbance occurred in 1058 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus intersected.[8] It occurred during the reign of Apophis II in Egypt and undoubtedly caused the Flood of Ogyges.

 — Period 4A(4) – Ice Age 4 (1058-1008 BC)—

In 1058 BC, David was born.

In 1053 BC, the Hebrews defeated the Philistines in the Battle of Mizpeh, which ended the Philistine and Ammonite Oppression.

Saul became king about 20 years before his death, in 1048 BC, the first 18 years (1048-1030 BC) of which he reigned during Samuel’s judgeship.

In 1041 BC, the Hebrews under King Saul and the Egyptians under Prince Ahmose, who was the first pharaoh of Egypt’s 18th Dynasty, formed an alliance and attacked the Hyksos fortress Avaris, which was located at the mouth of the Wadi El Arish (also known as the River of Egypt), and from which the Hyksos controlled the Middle East from the Euphrates River to Ethiopia. They took the fortress and put the last of the Hyksos kings, Agag II, to death – thereby breaking the Hyksos=Amalekite hold on the Middle East forever.

After their joint-venture against the Hyksos-Amalekites and the subsequent friendly relations between the two nations, Israel and Egypt rose to power and prominence simultaneously. While the kings of Israel’s United Kingdom extended Jewish hegemony over Palestine from the Euphrates in the north to the River of Egypt (the Wadi El Arish) in the south, and from the deserts of Arabia in the east to the Mediterranean Sea in the west, the early pharaohs of the 18th Dynasty, Amenhotep I and Thutmose I concentrated on rebuilding the infrastructure of Egypt and extending Egyptian hegemony over Ethiopia,

In 1041 BC, David, probably at the age of 17, was anointed by Samuel and then slew Goliath, the giant champion of the Philistines.

In 1033 BC, Mephibosheth was born.

David fled from Saul.

In 1030 BC, Samuel died and Israel’s United Kingdom commenced.

The United Kingdom

King Saul. ruled Israel for 2 years (1030-1028 BC) without Samuel . Over-lapping these 2 years was the reign of one pharaoh of Egypt: Ahmose (1041-10301028-1016 BC).

David lived with the Philistines.

In 1028 BC, Saul died. He was succeeded by David as king of Judah and Ishbosheth as king of Israel.

King David ruled Israel for 40 years (1028-988 BC), He ruled as king of Judah for 7 years (1028-1021 BC) and king of all Israel for 33 years (1021-988 BC).

King David’s first 20 years (1028-1008 BC) fell in this period. Overlapping these years were the reigns of two rulers of Egypt: Ahmose (1041-1028-1016 BC) and Amenhotep I (1016-1008-1003 BC).

In 1027 BC, Ishbosheth was murdered.

In 1021 BC, Israel acknowledged David as king.

The David Disturbance occurred in 1008 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus intersected. During this encounter, the Hebrews were struck by a pestilence, from which 70,000 people died, and Jerusalem was nearly destroyed. These afflictions were attributed to the act of an angel (heavenly body?).[9]

 © 2017 John Holbrook Jr.
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 [1] There is a 34 year gap in Bible chronology between the death of Moses in 1424 BC and the start of the Period of the Judges in 1390 BC. I believe that the gap can be reduced to 9 years by accepting Josphus’ statement that, after Moses died, Joshua served as commander of the Hebrews for 25 years – see Antiquities of the Jews, Book V, Chapter I, Section 29.  Thus, Joshua ruled the Hebrews from 1424 BC to 1399 BC, when he died. Having lived 110 years, he was born in 1509 BC.

[2] Joshua 10:11.

[3] Joshua 10:12-14

[4] Judges 5:20.

[5] Judges 5:4-5.

[6] Judges 5:21.

[7] Judges 4:15.

[8] There is a problem here. On the one hand, my attempt to determine the dates of the intersections between the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus indicates a date of 1058 BC for the Samuel Disturbance, which I associate with the battle between the Hebrews and the Philistines at Mizpeh. In its description of this battle, the Bible says, “the Lord thundered with a great thunder…upon the Philistines and discomfited them, and they were smitten before Israel. And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh and pursued the Philistines and smote them…. So the Philistines were subdued” (1 Samuel 7:10,13). The great thundering may have been the result of electrical discharges between the earth and the comet that blasted the Philistine army. On the other hand, Bible chronology indicates that the Battle of Mizpeh occurred in 1053 BC. I have gotten something wrong, but I have not yet figured out where my error lies.

[9] 2 Samuel 24:11-25).

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