by John Holbrook Jr.
A Biblical View, posted August 14, 2017, revised September 14, 2017
On June 19, 2017, I started a series of timelines that will outline the history of the world which I have constructed and which conforms to the chronology of the Bible. This series will be interspersed among blogs on other subjects and will follow the structure in the table below.
Timeline 0 – Creation Week (3977 BC)
Timeline 1 – Edenic Era (3977 BC)
Timeline 2 – Antediluvian Era (3977-2321 BC)
Timeline 3A – Postdiluvian Era’s early phase 3A (2321-1870 BC)
Timeline 3B – Postdiluvian Era’s late phase 3B (1870-1464 BC)
Timeline 4A – Turbulent Era’s early phase 4A (1464-1008 BC)
Timeline 4B – Turbulent Era’s middle phase 4B (1008-754 BC)
Timeline 4C – Turbulent Era’s late phase 4C (754-665 BC)
Timeline 5A – Early Historic Era (665-2 BC)’s part 5A (Occident)
Timeline 5B – Early Historic Era (665-2 BC)’s part 5B (Middle East)
Timeline 5C – Early Historic Era (665-2 BC)’s part 5C (Orient)
Timeline 6A – Late Historic Era (2BC-present)’s part 6A (Occident & Middle East)
Timeline 6B – Late Historic Era (2BC-present)’s part 6B (Orient)
—ERA 3 – THE POSTDILUVIAN WORLD (2321-1464 BC)—
—Phase 3B – The Late Postdiluvian World (1870-1464 BC)—
—Period3B(1) – The Pre-Job Time (1870-1667 BC)—
Egypt’s 4th Dynasty (E04) continued
Seochris (E04-02) (SL #08) – He was also known as Chephren, Kafre, and Sufi II. He ruled Egypt for 49 years (1878-1829 BC), the last 41 years (1870-1829 BC) of which fell in this period.
Sepchris is credited by the archaeologists with building the 2nd largest pyramid at Giza reign.
Amenemes (E04-03) (SL #09) – He was also known as Menkeres, Menkaure, and Mykerinos. He ruled Egypt for 63 years (1829-1766 BC), but only the first 29 years (1829-1800 BC) over all Egypt.
Amenemes is credited by the archaeologists with building the third largest pyramid at Giza.
The 1st Abraham Threat occurred in 1819 BC, possibly when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.
During Amenemes’ reign, triplets were born to the royal family at Elephantine. Their names were Userkaf, Sahura, and Ka-kaa. Userkaf developed into a very able military leader.
In 1800 BC, Userkaf seized control of all four areas of Egypt and established Egypt’s 5th Dynasty (E05).
Egypt’s 5th Dynasty (E05)
The rule of Egypt’s 5th Dynasty is confusing. It ostensibly lasted for 143 years (1800-1657 BC), but actually lasted for only 89 years (1800-1711 BC). First, Userkaf allowed Amenemes to continue on the throne at Memphis as a satrap for another 34 years (1800-1766 BC). Second, Userkaf and his brothers kept moving from throne to throne in other areas – engaging in something similar to “musical chairs.” Following the Sothis List (SL), they ruled as follows:
Amasis (E05-01) (SL #10) – He was also known as Userkaf (triplet #1), Ratoises, Usercheres, Chaires, Rayois, and Chamois. He ruled Egypt for 2 years (1800-1797 BC).
Acesphthres (E05-02) (SL #11) – He was also known as Sahura (triplet #2), Miamus, Biyres, and Sefres. He ruled Egypt for 13 years (1798-1785 BC).
Anchoreus (E05-03) (SL #12) – He was also known as Ka-kaa (triplet #3), Sebercheres, Shepsekf, and Nephercheres. He ruled Egypt for 9 years (1785-1776 BC).
Armiyes (E05-04) (SL #13) – He was also known as Thamfthis. He ruled Egypt for 4 years (1776-1772 BC).
Amesis (E05-05) (SL #16) – He was also known as Rhatures. He ruled for 65 years (1772-1707 BC) – the first 61 years (1772-1711 BC) over all Egpyt.
The 1st Isaac Threat occurred in 1769 BC, possibly when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.
The 2nd Isaac Threat occurred in 1718 BC, possibly when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.
In 1711 BC, Egypt was conquered by Amenemhet I, who established Egypt’s 12th Dynasty (E12) in Thebes.
Egypt’s 12th Dynasty (E12)
Amenemhet I (E12-01) – He ruled Egypt for 19 years (1711-1692 BC), but he permitted first Amesis to remain on the throne of Memphis as a satrap for 4 years (1711-1707 BC) and then Uses (SL #17), who was also known as Unus and Onnus, to continue on the throne of Memphis for 15 years (1707-1692 BC).
Sesostris I (E12-02) – He was coregent with Amenemhet I for 10 years (1702-1692 BC) and then ruled Thebes for 35 years (1692-1657 BC), the first 25 years (1692-1667 BC) of which fell in this period. He also allowed Uses to remain on the throne of Memphis as a satrap during this period.
In 1688 BC, Sesostris I appointed Joseph as Vizier and Treasurer of Egypt. Joseph’s Egyptian name was Mentuhotep, and Sesostris I gave him authority in the land second only to that exercised by himself.
In 1688-1681 BC, the Seven Years of Plenty occurred.
In 1681-1674 BC, the Seven Years of Famine occurred. It fell in the reigns of both Sesostris I  and Uses.
The Job Disturbance occurred in 1667 BC, probably when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected. Raining fire, hurricane winds, and earthquakes killed Job’s children.
— Period 3B(2) – The Post-Job Time (1667-1464 BC)—
Egypt’s 12th Dynasty (E12) continued
Sesostris I (E12-02) – He was coregent with Amenemhet I for 10 years (1702-1692 BC) and then ruled Thebes for 35 years (1692-1657 BC), the last 10 years (1167-1657 BC) of which fell in this period. He continued to allow Uses to sit on the throne of Memphis as a satrap for the last 10 years (1667-1657 BC) of his reign.
Amenemhet II (E12-03) – He was also known as Ramses. He was coregent with Sesostris I for 3 years (1660-1657 BC) and then ruled Thebes for 35 years (1657-1622 BC).
Sesostris II (E12-04) – He was also known as Ramsesomenes. He was coregent with Amenemhet II for 5 years (1627-1622 BC) and then ruled Thebes for 43 years (1622-1579 BC).
The Joseph Threat occurred in 1616 BC, possibly when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.
Usimare was coregent with Sesostris II for 31 years (1612-1581 BC).
Sesostris III (E12-05) – He was also known as Ramessesos. He was coregent with Sesostris II for 2 years (1581-1579 BC) and then ruled Thebes for 23 years (1579-1556 BC).
The 1st Hiatus Threat occurred in 1566 BC, possibly when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.
Amenemhet III (E12-06). He was also known as Ramesse-Meno. He ruled Thebes for 48 years (1556-1508 BC). He built brick structures in the Nile delta and was undoubtedly the pharaoh who “knew not Joseph” and enslaved the Hebrews.
The 2nd Hiatus Threat occurred in 1515 BC, possibly when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus nearly intersected.
Sebeknefrure (E12-07) – She was also known as Ramesse-ubasse. She was the daughter of Amenemhet III. She was coregent with him for 29 years (1537-1508 BC) and then ruled Thebes for 10 years (1508-1498 BC). She was undoubtedly Moses’ foster mother.
Amenemhet IV – He was undoubtedly Moses – He was adopted by Sebeknefrure c. 1543, raised by her father and herself as a Prince of Egypt, served as her coregent for 4 years (1508-1504 BC), and then disappeared from Egyptian records. His tomb has never been found.
Sothis List’s 12th Dynasty (1657-1498 BC)
Ramses (SL #18) – He was also known as Amenemhet II (E12-03). He ruled Egypt for 30 years (1657-1627 BC).
Ramesomenes (SL #19) – He was also known as Sesostris II (E12-04). He ruled Egypt for 15 years (1627-1612 BC).
Usimare (SL #20) – He ruled Egypt for 31 years (1612-1581 BC).
Ramessesos (SL #21) – He was also known as Sesostris III (E12-05). He ruled Egypt for 25 years (1581-1556 BC).
Ramesse-Meno (SL #22) – He was also known as Amenemhet III (E12-06). He ruled Egypt for 19 years (1556-1537 BC). He built with brick in the Nile delta
Ramesse-ubasse (SL #23) – She was also known as Sebeknefrure (E12-07). She was the daughter of Ramesse-Meno. She ruled Egypt for 39 years (1537-1498 BC).
Egypt’s 13th Dynasty (E13)
Ramesse (E13-01) (SL #24) – He ruled Egypt for 29 years (1498-1469 BC).
Concharis (E13-02) (SL #25) – He ruled Egypt for 5 years (1469-1464 BC).
In 1464 BC, God appeared to Moses in a burning bush, which was not consumed by the fire, and identified himself as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He said that he had heard the cries of his people, who were living in sore bondage in Egypt, and he commanded Moses to return to Egypt, assume leadership of his people, and tell Pharaoh Concharis to let his people go. Moses did so. Concharis refused.
In the subsequent confrontations between Moses and Cocharis, God visited ten plagues on Egypt that were caused by the tail of the comet Venus which preceded the main body as it flew toward the earth. Despite the damage to Egypt, Concharis continued refusing to let the Hebrews go until the 10th plague arrived.
The 10th plague consisted of the death of the first-born of the Egyptian families, but not the first-born of the Hebrew families, who were protected by the blood of the innocent lambs that, in accordance with God’s instructions, had been painted on the doorposts of their homes. Concharis relented and told the Hebrews that they could leave Egypt. Moses assembled his people into a great caravan and then led them across the top of the Red Sea, down the southwest coast of the Sinai Peninsula to Pi-Ha-Kiroth, the western landfall of the Strait of Tiran. During their journey, the comet arrived.
The Moses Disturbance occurred in 1464 BC, when the orbits of the earth and the comet Venus intersected. As the comet approached the earth, it was on its way from perihelion. Being repelled by the sun, its tail therefore preceded it. The earth’s immersion in the tail produced the Ten Plagues of Egypt, which laid waste to the land and precipitated the Exodus of the Hebrews. The subsequent close encounters between the earth and the comet produced volcanism, hurricane winds, torrential rains, falling naphtha, electrical discharges, earthquakes, tectonic upheavals and subsidences, tsunamis, and darkness across the entire globe. All forms of terrestrial life were devastated.
© 2017 John Holbrook Jr.
 Memphis/Sakara, Thinis/Abydos, Thebes/Diospolis, and Elephantine.
 As Donovan Courville pointed out (The Exodus Problem, Volume 1, 1971, p. 141-142), the great Egyptologist James H. Breasted wrote that Mentuhotep’s powers “…read like the declaration of the king’s powers” (A History of Egypt, 1954, p. 166) and Henry Brugsch-Bey wrote, “…Mentuhotep…appears as the alter ego of the king. ‘When he arrived, the great personages bowed down before him at the outer door of the royal palace.’” (A History of Egypt Under the Pharaohs, Volume 1, 2nd ed., 1881, p. 162 – translation by Philip Smith). See also Genesis 41:41-43.
 Another of Sesostris I’s viziers, Ameni, who administered during the pharaoh’s regnal years 18-43 (1684-1659 BC) recorded that Egypt experienced a severe and extended famine during his administration – an obvious reference to the Seven Years of Famine (1681-1674 BC) which Joseph had predicted.
 Moses was born in 1544 BC, spent 40 years as Prince of Egypt (1544-1504 BC), fled Egypt in 1504 BC, spent 40 years (1504-1464 BC) shepherding his father-n-law’s sheep in Midian, encountered God on Mount Sinai and then returned to Egypt in 1464, spent 40 years (1464-1424 BC) leading the Hebrews during their Exodus from Egypt and their wandering in the Desert of Midian, and then died in 1424 BC when he was 120 years old.
 See note 5 in last week’s blog entitled “Timeline 3B – Hebrews in the Postdiluvian Era’s late phase.